Farmers use of improved animal health management technologies in small ruminant production in South East, Nigeria

Main Article Content

Ukpai Kalu
I. Nwachukwu
U. Apu


The study assessed the use of selected health management technologies for
sustainable small ruminant production in South East Nigeria. The objectives
specifically described the personal/household characteristics of the respondents in
the study area, assessed the level of use of selected improved animal health
management technologies, ascertained farmers’ perception of the attributes of the
technologies and the relationship between attributes of the technologies and use. A
multi-stage sampling procedure using a structured questionnaire was employed for
data collection and data were analyzed using frequencies, percentages, mean scores
and Ordinary Least Square regression technique. Result showed that majority
(56.4%) of the small ruminant farmers are male, with a mean age of 42.4. Most (99%)
of the farmers kept small ruminants as savings, with a mean household size of 5.7 and
13.7 mean years of experience. Apart from Culling (x ?=2.3) which recorded high use
among the farmers, other technologies such as Animal Sanitation, Periodic
deworming and Routine vaccination recorded low usage with mean scores of 1.7, 1.9
and 1.9 respectively. Culling (x ?=3.1) and routine (x ?=3.8) vaccination were perceived
as being cost effective. The OLS result showed that at 5% probability level, Cost
effectiveness (5%), environmental friendliness (5%), Similarity to local practice (5%),
time saving (5%) were all significant factors influencing farmers’ use of the health
management technologies. The study therefore recommended an increase in livestock
farmers’ education on health management technologies, and a linkage between
orthodox and traditional management technologies to integrate indigenous
knowledge for enhanced small ruminant production in the region.

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How to Cite
Kalu, U., Nwachukwu, I., & Apu, U. (2021). Farmers use of improved animal health management technologies in small ruminant production in South East, Nigeria. JCCR | Journal of Community & Communication Research, 6(1), 53-60. Retrieved from