Access and Utilization of Primary Health Care Facilities on Infant Mortality Rates in Akwa Ibom State, Nigeria.

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J. I. Bassey

Abstract

The study analyzed access and utilization of primary health care facilities on infant mortality rates in Akwa Ibom State, Nigeria. A multistage sampling procedure was adopted to select 360 rural household women. Data collected were analyzed using descriptive and inferential statistics. Results revealed that the rural communities with PHC-facilities recorded high accessibility and utilization of PHC services (Accessibility grand mean = 2.43; accessibility index = 81%; and utilization grand mean = 2.41; utilization index 80%) The PHC services were lowly accessed and utilized by rural communities without facilities (Accessibility grand mean = 1.47; index 49%; utilization grand mean = 1.46; index = 48%). Percentage change in IMR revealed a reduction of IMR at -72.5% for rural communities with facilities, while those without PHC facilities increased at 23.44%. Difference in difference estimates between the two categories of rural communities was -15.30. Which indicates that PHC services impact on the rural communities IMR. Paired t-test analysis revealed significant difference between their means IMR (t-cal = 3.19; P<0.05). The study concluded that PHC facilities impact positively on rural communities IMR. It is recommended that more PHC facilities be established in rural communities.

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How to Cite
Bassey, J. I. . (2019). Access and Utilization of Primary Health Care Facilities on Infant Mortality Rates in Akwa Ibom State, Nigeria. JCCR | Journal of Community & Communication Research, 4(2), 227-235. Retrieved from https://jccr.sccdr.org.ng/index.php/jccr/article/view/27
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